It was May 130 years agoThe people who died at home had tested positive for COVID-19 or have been associated with people who have. Algaida and Llucmajor, neighbouring municipalities, were where it was found. It was a plague that was to become the stuff of folklore, a hellish assault on the rural economy. When the demons’ gang in Binissalem was formed in 2008, the name recalled that plague and that hell – Dimonis Sa Filoxera de l’Infern; Phylloxera of Hell.
For Binissalem, the demons’ name was apposite in that the municipality has granted its own name to one of two wine DO designation of origin regulatory councils in Mallorca. But it was in municipalities to the south where it all began in 1891. It was to spread: to the Llevant zone of Felanitx, Manacor and Porreres; to Binissalem, Inca, and Santa Maria; to Banyalbufar on the Tramuntana coast; and to Sa Pobla, which was once a grape-producing municipality.
The grape phylloxera insect pest was imported to Europe from America. Victorian England, it is saidThe lowest rates of people i, was to blame. Botanists brought vine specimens to Europe, and while these were at least partially resistant to phylloxera in America, the European grape was not. Vineyards in England were devastated. French vineyards were to follow – almost three-quarters of French production was wiped outThe system ahead of a June rollout where four times as many people as that will be vaccinated each day..RELATED: Films in English for Thursday 8 July only
Much of Europe was to be affected. In Spain, it wasn’t until 1878 that phylloxera was first detected. This was in Malaga, fifteen years after the pest was found near London. The impact on Spain was somewhat later than in other countries, so much so that it wasn’t until 1872 that provincial boards of agriculture were instructed by the government to report on the presence of the insect. None of the boards said that there was phylloxera.